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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getAllCurrency() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/config.php on line 48

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Strict Standards: mktime(): You should be using the time() function instead in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/plugins/system/vvisit_counter/vvisit_counter.php on line 32

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::loadLanguageFile() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/router.php on line 101

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/router.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getLang() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/router.php on line 104

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getReservedFirstAlias() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/router.php on line 105

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/functions.php on line 531

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Солнечные системы отопления Усть-кменогорск

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::loadCssFiles() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/loadparams.php on line 53

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::loadJsFiles() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/loadparams.php on line 54

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Strict Standards: Declaration of JshoppingControllerCategory::display() should be compatible with JController::display($cachable = false, $urlparams = false) in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/controllers/category.php on line 13

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/controllers/category.php on line 59

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getLang() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/category.php on line 55

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/functions.php on line 1130

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getMainVendor() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/functions.php on line 1185

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/factory.php on line 410

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Warning: Creating default object from empty value in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/category.php on line 74

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/category.php on line 171

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/jtableauto.php on line 18

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getAllTaxes() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/functions.php on line 815

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/jtableauto.php on line 18

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/jtableauto.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSFactory::getAllCurrency() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/lib/jtableauto.php on line 139

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Strict Standards: Declaration of jshopUserShop::check() should be compatible with JTable::check() in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/usershop.php on line 449

Strict Standards: Declaration of jshopUserShop::getError() should be compatible with JObject::getError($i = NULL, $toString = true) in /var/www/vhosts/v-9877.webspace/www/vash-kotel.kz/components/com_jshopping/tables/usershop.php on line 449

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Солнечные системы

Солнечные коллекторы с вакуумными трубками поглощают солнечную энергию,
превращая ее в тепловую энергию.
За счет солнечной энергии эта система способна обеспечивать от 50 до 100 % ежедневной
потребности в ГВС для бытовых и производственных целей. За счет вакуума в трубках потери тепла в
атмосферу минимальные.

Преимущества вакуумных трубчатых солнечных коллекторов:                                                                                                                                                                                            

1.наиболее весомое преимущество вакуумного солнечного водонагревателя с тепловой трубкой Heat
Pipe - его способность работать при температурах до -20°С, при более низких температурах (до -35°С) его
эффективность существенно снижается;
2. возможность эксплуатации в любое время года;
3. возможность работы в регионах с умеренным климатом, в том
числе в зимний период, при низких температурах;
4. достаточно высока эффективность солнечного коллектора при
низкой интенсивности солнечного излучения, а также при диффузи-
онном излучении (отсутствии прямых солнечных лучей).

Солнечные водонагреватели используются:
для обеспечения (в холодное время года для предваритель-ного подогрева) горячего водоснабжения в домах и на да-                                                                                               123sssчах, в гостиницах, санаториях, пансионатах, спортивных
комплексах, учреждениях общественного питания, турба-
зах, производственных, сельскохозяйственных и других
объектах;
для подогрева (в холодное время года для предварительно-
го подогрева) воды в бассейнах.

Место установки солнечного коллектора: крыша дома и других строений (плоская или скатная);
балконы, архитектурные выступы здания.

Конструкция вакуумной трубки: схожа с конструкцией стеклянной
колбы термоса: между внутренней и внешней колбой трубки находится123ssxxвакуум. В каждую трубку встроен медный нагревательный элемент с
запаянной внутри его плоскости легко кипящей и испаряющейся
жидкостью. Солнечная энергия, поглощаемая трехслойным покрытием
вакуумной трубки, преобразуется в тепловую энергию и передается
медному нагревательному элементу. Вакуумная трубка вместе с медным
нагревательным элементом (далее – «тепловая труба») подсоединена к
конденсатору, находящемуся в теплообменнике абсорбера коллектора.
Под воздействием тепла жидкость в тепловой трубе закипает и испаряется в верхнюю часть, где отдает тепловую энергию воде, которой заполнен накопительный бак. Конденсат жидкости в тепловой трубе после передачи тепла опускается вниз, снова испаряется. Этот процесс носит циклический характер.
Вакуумные трубки сделаны из высококачественного, сверх-прочного боросиликатного стек-ла, что обеспечивает защиту их от града и механических повреж-дений.
Заполнение бака холодной водой производится под давле-нием из подающего трубо-провода.
Солнечный водонагреватель включает:

123sssr45

комплект вакуум-ных трубок, внутри которых медный нагревательный эле-мент, бак для воды, подпорную раму, контроллер.

Бак для воды двухслойный. Внешний слой сделан из окрашенной стали 0,41 мм толщиной, диаметр 480 мм. Внутренний слой - из нержавеющей стали, диаметр 370 мм. Между стенками бака в качестве утеплителя используется полиуретан 55 мм толщиной. Подпорная рама металлическая (из алюминия, нержавеющей или окрашенной стали).

Контроллер осуществляет интеллектуальный контроль и автоматическую работу системы: регулирует уровень воды в баке (открывает клапан подачи воды из водопровода).

Некоторые рекомендации по установке солнечных коллекторов:
Количество вырабатываемой солнечным коллектором тепловой энергии зависит от целого ряда факторов. К поддающимся изменению относят: угол наклона относительно горизонтали и ориентация установки к сторонам света. Критерием ориентации является азимут.
Угол наклона – это угол между горизонталью и солнечной батареей. При установке на скатной крыше угол наклона задается скатом кровли. Наибольшее количество энергии воспринимается панелью коллектора при расположении его плоскости под прямым углом к направлению инсоляции. Поскольку угол инсоляции зависит от времени суток и года, ориентацию плоскости коллектора следует выполнять в соответствии с высотой Солнца в период поступления наибольшего количества солнечной энергии.

Fuck

 

S112s

 Для европейской части России рекомендуется угол наклона 50 - 65°.
Азимут описывает отклонение плоскости коллектора от направления на юг; если плоскость коллектора ориентирована на юг, то азимут = 0°. Чем меньше отклонение от направления на юг, тем лучше. В идеале следовало бы учитывать режим потребления тепловой энергии (если больше потребляется утром, то лучше ориентировать на юго-восток и т.д.), но не всегда это четко понятно.
Установка солнечного коллектора и определение его размеров должны быть выполнены таким образом, чтобы незначительным было воздействие дающих тень соседних зданий, деревьев, линий электропередач и т.п.
Важной частью гелиоустановки является поддерживающая конструкция (рама) для солнечных коллекторов. Она обеспечивает правильный угол наклона, а также необходимую жесткость конструкции. Комбинация поддерживающей конструкции с солнечным модулем должна выдерживать порывы ветра и другие неблагоприятные воздействия окружающей среды.

 


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Электрокотлы Zota

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Канализационные

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Насосные станции Wilo

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Кабель

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Промышленные и домовые счетчики воды

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Банные печи
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